- Your neighbour-crook
Opposition protests peaked on November 22, the first day of a session of Georgia’s new parliament, whose legitimacy has been called into question. On the same day, opposition leaders led by Saakashvili seized the parliament building with roses in their hands (hence the name of the revolution), interrupted Shevardnadze’s speech and forced him to leave the hall accompanied by bodyguards. The president then declared a state of emergency and called for troops and police in the area of his Tbilisi residence. However, even elite police units refused to support him. On the evening of November 23, St. George’s Day in Georgia, Shevardnadze met with opposition leaders Saakashvili and Zhvania to discuss the situation at a meeting hosted by Russian Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov. After the meeting, Shevardnadze announced his resignation. This caused a real euphoria on the streets of Tbilisi. More than 100 thousand protesters celebrated the victory with fireworks and rock concerts.
Nino Burjanadze, the speaker of the Georgian parliament, became acting president until a new round of re-election (re-election in a single multi-member constituency). Meanwhile, the country’s Supreme Court annulled the results of the presidential election. Georgia held new presidential elections on January 4, 2004, in which Saakashvili won the oath of office on January 25 of that year. On March 28, 2004, new parliamentary elections were held, which were won by the “new democrats” supported by Saakashvili.
Many in the Georgian government formed after the Rose Revolution were educated abroad.
- Beginning of the Dream
The main and most common precondition for the revolution was dissatisfaction with the government of Eduard Shevardnadze, who took office after Georgia gained independence (1995). The population’s resentment was caused by the accumulated claims to the government related to the difficult economic situation in the country, corruption among civil servants, etc. The situation was complicated by the desire of ethnic minorities for independence or accession to Russia, expressed in de facto independent existence of Abkhazia, South O to a large extent, Adjara.
Shevardnadze’s refusal to try to resolve the conflicts in Abkhazia and Ossetia by force, combined with unsuccessful attempts to resolve the issue peacefully, also caused negative emotions in society. The political and socio-economic crisis in Georgia peaked on the eve of the November 2, 2003 parliamentary elections.
Mikheil Saakashvili’s United People’s Movement and Burjanadze’s Democrats, led by former Georgian parliament speakers Nino Burjanadze and Zurab Zhvalyash, died on February 8, 2005. ).
Georgia’s parliamentary elections were held on November 2, 2003 and, according to official figures, ended in a victory for Shevardnadze and his allies, but the announced results were not recognized by international observers and opponents of Shevardnadze. Mikheil Saakashvili has demonstratively declared his victory based on opinion polls. His allegations were supported by the International Community of Free Elections, a local observation group. Based on the data presented, Saakashvili demanded new elections and called on Georgian citizens to take to the streets and support him.
By mid-November, mass demonstrations began in the Georgian capital, Tbilisi, which later affected other cities and towns in the country. Crowds of people from the youth organization “Kmara” (literally “Enough” – the Georgian analogue of the Serbian “Resistance” and the Ukrainian “Time”) chanted their slogans. Many NGOs (such as the Institute for Freedom of Georgia) have also been enviable in the noisy protests. At the same time, the Shevardnadze government received the support of Aslan Abashidze.
- My take on the undiscovered
On October 13, 2020, Uncharted 2 turned 11 years old. If the first part of the series was largely a clone of Gears of War with a charming protagonist, then in the sequel Naughty Dog found the same combination of cinematic moments, shootings and research, which since then many other studios, and its creators, are trying to repeat.
In honor of the next birthday of the game, its game director Bruce Streley wrote an emotional thread on Twitter. According to the developer, the time to work on Uncharted 2 was the best for him – including the fertility of the team.
These were innocent times. Before I learned what ludonarrative dissonance is. Before the word “cinematic” became abusive. I just wanted to make a playable summer blockbuster in the spirit of the movies I loved as a child.
I wanted the epic moments to go beyond the cutscenes (which was the standard at the time) and make them interactive. I wanted the players to sit on the edge of the chair because of the frantic rhythm of the narration. We did roller coasters, and it was an exciting process.
We wanted to make characters that were just fun to be around. We created the story in such a way that the moments that show the character of the characters were including gameplay – we wanted to close the gap between the player and the hero. It was the birth of the philosophy that led us to The Last of Us.
It’s sad that games usually don’t age well. Management now seems a bit unsuccessful. The shooting could have been a little more accurate. Overcoming obstacles could evolve over time. But at the time, this game was our statement. It was fun to work on, and I think the result is visible from the outside. I give five to the team and the fans!
Now I look back in surprise. We released a full-fledged single-player campaign with a bunch of the smallest details, created multiplayer from scratch with 10 unique mods and 7-8 cards, and even a cool co-op ?! And all this in a box on the day of release. Speaking of self-doubt. Light it, people. We’re fine.
It is noteworthy that just after Uncharted 2 in the gaming industry began to actively discuss the issue of ludonarrative dissonance. Nathan Drake remained cheerful and frivolous, although he killed dozens of people during the shootings. In Uncharted 4, the studio tried to overcome this situation by showing how Drake is torn between the urge for adventure and “normal” life.
The fact that Streley considers the development of Uncharted 2 the best time will hardly surprise anyone. It is known that after the release of the game, the developer involuntarily found himself inside a protracted marathon of developing two titles in a row. After a difficult process of creating The Last of Us, Streley was forced to immediately switch to Uncharted 4, not having time to fully regain his strength.
As a result, in 2017, Streley finally burned out and left the Naughty Dog studio, and The Last of Us Part II was already held as an ordinary player.
Years later, we with Samuel and Nathan helped Rafe Adler in his attempt to find the lost treasure from the $400 million robbery of the Ganges and Sawai and conducted by Captain Henry Avery. To continue the search, they needed access to the old fort in the Panamanian prison, where Joseph Burns, a member of Avery’s team, spent the last days of his life.
With the help of Vargas’s bribed guard, the trio gains access to the fortress. Nathan tells the others that Vargas, after reading a letter belonging to Drake Jr., has learned about the treasure they are hunting for and now demands some of the booty.
Sam, Nate, and Rafe head to the laundry to inspect the cross Nate found in Burns’ prison cell. The cross is not with the image of Christ, but has a resemblance to the crucified prudent robber behind him, the Holy Dismas. Sam recalls that in Scotland there is St. Dismas’s Cathedral right next to Avery’s last haven. They are about to leave, but they are surrounded by a gang of prisoners, with the leader of which Nathan had a fight a little earlier. The trio had to fight until Vargas rescued them and took them to his office. Vargas first pointed his weapon at them and demanded an explanation. He was very unhappy that Nate had lied to him that he had found nothing so as not to take him for granted. Adler persuaded him to lower his weapon, and they tried to reach an agreement. In a rage, Vargas decided to ask for half of the prey. Despite this, Rafe managed to persuade him to reduce the share to a quarter of the amount, saying that he himself would never find the treasure alone. Vargas agreed, albeit reluctantly. But Rafe had other plans: Adler decided to stab him with a knife. Before his death, Vargas manages to shoot at the ceiling, thus warning the nearby guards.
Sam and the others immediately begin to implement their escape plan, but with the guards ready to fight. As soon as they reached the wall separating them from freedom, the pipe collapsed under Nate’s weight as he climbed up, separating Sam from the others. Elder Drake has no choice but to jump up and grab Nathan’s arm. As Nate pulled him to the top, three consecutive bullets hit Sam in the back. Shocked by what was happening, Nate watched as Samuel coughed up blood before the fall, which apparently caused his death. Nathan, convinced by Rafe that he can’t save his brother, leaves prison with a heavy heart. Despite the fact that 15 years have passed, he knocks on Nathan’s door at his work, and tells about what happened to him in prison.